COSTA RICA & BATIK

In Costa Rica I met a local artist who taught me how to do Batik. I absolutely loved it and did these four prints on cotton and then sewed them onto the front of T-Shirts for a great design. It is a difficult process but lots of fun so do try it. Here is some more infomation you might need.

Batik - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indonesian batik fabric Batik is a wax-resist dyeing technique used on textile. Due to modern advances in the textile industry the term has also been used for fabrics which incorporates the traditional batik patterns although not necessarily produced using the batik technique, silk batik is especially popular.

Javanese traditional batik, especially from Jogjakarta, has special meanings which is rooted to the Javanese idea of the universe. Traditional colours include indigo, dark brown and white, which represents the three major Hindu Gods, and certain patterns can only be worn by royals. Other regions of Indonesia have their own unique patterns. Patterns similar to Indonesian batik are also found in several countries of West Africa, such as Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon, Uganda and Mali, and in Asia, such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Iran, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Burma, which displays the influence of the Indonesian batik internationally.

 Etymology
Although the word's origin is Javanese, its etymology may be either from the Javanese amba ('to write') and titik ('dot' or 'point'), or constructed from a hypothetical Proto-Austronesian root *beCík, meaning 'to tattoo' from the use of a needle in the process. The word is first recorded in English in the Encyclopædia Britannica of 1880, in which it is spelt battik. It is attested in Indonesian Archipelago of the Dutch colonial period in the various forms mbatek, mbatik, batek and batik.[1][2][3]

 Culture
Batik has been both an art and a craft for centuries. In Java, Indonesia, batik is part of an ancient tradition, and some of the finest batik cloth in the world is still made there.

Contemporary batik, while owing much to the past, is markedly different from the more traditional and formal styles. For example, the artist may use etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, different tools for waxing and dyeing, wax recipes with different resist values and work with silk, cotton, wool, leather, paper or even wood and ceramics.

Procedure
 
A Batik Tulis maker applying melted wax following pattern on fabric using canting, Yogyakarta (city), Indonesia.Melted wax (Javanese: malam) is applied to cloth before being dipped in dye. It is common for people to use a mixture of beeswax and paraffin wax. The beeswax will hold to the fabric and the paraffin wax will allow cracking, which is a characteristic of batik. Wherever the wax has seeped through the fabric, the dye will not penetrate. Sometimes several colours are used, with a series of dyeing, drying and waxing steps.

Thin wax lines are made with a canting (also spelled tjanting or tjunting), a wooden handled tool with a tiny metal cup with a tiny spout, out of which the wax seeps. Other methods of applying the wax onto the fabric include pouring the liquid wax, painting the wax on with a brush, and applying the hot wax to pre-carved wooden or metal wire block (called a tjap) and stamping the fabric.

 
Dipping a cloth in a dye.
Indian batik painting depicting two Indian women.After the last dyeing, the fabric is hung up to dry. Then it is dipped in a solvent to dissolve the wax, or ironed between paper towels or newspapers to absorb the wax and reveal the deep rich colors and the fine crinkle lines that give batik its character. This traditional method of batik making is called Batik Tulis (lit: Written Batik).

The invention of the copper block or cap developed by the Javanese in the 20th century revolutionized batik production. By block printing the wax onto the fabric, it became possible to make high quality designs and intricate patterns much faster than one could possibly do by hand-painting. This method of using copper block to applied melted wax pattern is called Batik Cap (pronounced like "chop").

Indonesian batik used for clothing normally has an intricate pattern. Traditionally, wider curves were reserved for batik produced for nobles. The traditional cloth has natural colors (tones of indigo and brown) while contemporary pieces have more variety of color.

Javanese batik typically includes symbols. Some decorative pieces may be mystically-influenced, and this type is very rarely used for clothing. Some may carry illustrations of animals or other intricate designs.

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Instructions - - - Things You’ll Need:

Batik Dyes Or Inks
Hobby Paintbrushes
Clothespins
Fabrics - Preferably Cotton
Irons
Old Towels
Coffee Cans
Skim Milk
Latex Gloves
Electric Skillets
Old Newspapers
Paper Towels
Paper Towels
Paper towels
water-based pens, colored pencils or colored crayons
1 lb. clear paraffin waxes
Step1- - -Wash and dry fabrics to remove sizing before batiking.
Step2 - - -Start with easy fabrics ' cottons are very good; silks are difficult. Old, white bed sheets cut into 18-by-18-inch squares are excellent for learning and practicing.
Step3 - - - Draw your designs on the fabric with colored crayons, colored pencils or water-based markers.
Step4 - - -Make a double boiler using an electric skillet filled with water and a coffee can.
Step5 - - -Put a pound of clear paraffin wax in the coffee can and melt it.
Step6 - - - Paint over the design with wax. Make sure the wax penetrates the fabric completely ' you should see it on the back of the cloth.
Step7 - - - Remember that everywhere the wax goes, there will be no dye.
Step8 - - - Let the wax cool. You can put the fabric in the refrigerator or freezer to hurry things up.
Step9 - - - Crumple the fabric to create cracks in the wax after the wax has cooled completely.
Step10 - - -Put on a pair of latex gloves.
Step11 - - -Prepare dyes or inks as suggested by the manufacturer. Use cool dyes so they won't melt the wax onto the fabric.
Step12 - - -Dye the material the first color. Immerse it for about 20 seconds.
Step13 - - -Rinse it in cool water to remove excess dye. If the color isn't dark enough, dye it again.
Step14 - - -Allow it to dry by hanging it with clothespins over a stainless steel sink or an old, folded towel.
Step15 - - -Use hot wax, and paint the areas that you want to remain the same color as the first dye.
Step16 - - -Let the wax cool.
Step17 - - -Crumple the fabric again to make cracks in the wax.
Step18 - - -Dye the material the second color.
Step19 - - -Remove the wax, either by scraping it off or by ironing it between a few paper towels. Put newspaper under the paper towels to absorb the wax and moisture. This can be done while the fabric is still wet.

two Trees - back-small
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